Scoliosis is a lateral curve in the spine. There are more than 3 million cases of Scoliosis diagnosed every year.
According to WebMD, “approximately 2% to 3% of Americans at age 16 have scoliosis.” Less than 0.1% of people who have spinal curves measure greater than 40 degrees, which is the point at which surgery becomes a consideration. Overall, girls are most likely to be affected than boys. Idiopathic scoliosis is most commonly a condition of adolescence affecting those ages 10 through 16. Idiopathic scoliosis may progress throughout the teen years.
There are four main categories of Scoliosis:
Congenital scoliosis – Caused by a bone abnormality present at birth.
Neuromuscular scoliosis – A result of abnormal muscles or nerves. Frequently seen in people with spina bifida or cerebral palsy or in those with various conditions that are accompanied by, or result in, paralysis.
Degenerative scoliosis -This may result from traumatic (from an injury or illness) bone collapse, previous major back surgery, or osteoporosis (thinning of the bones).
Idiopathic scoliosis – The most common type of scoliosis, idiopathic scoliosis, has no specific identifiable cause. There are many theories, but none have been found to be conclusive. There is, however, strong evidence that idiopathic scoliosis is inherited.
For symptoms and treatment please go to Mayo Clinic